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Behav Brain Res. 2013 Aug 1;250:133-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.05.008. Epub 2013 May 14.

Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) responds differentially to a robotic fish of varying swimming depth and aspect ratio.

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Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Six MetroTech Center, 11201 Brooklyn, NY, USA.


In this study, we explore the feasibility of using bioinspired robotics to influence the behaviour of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), a social freshwater fish species that is extensively studied for the ecological issues associated with its diffusion in non-native environments. Specifically, in a dichotomous choice test, we investigate the behavioural response of small shoals of mosquitofish to a robotic fish inspired by mosquitofish in its colouration, shape, aspect ratio, and locomotion. Our results indicate that the swimming depth and the aspect ratio of the robotic fish are both determinants of mosquitofish preference. In particular, we find that mosquitofish are never attracted by a robotic fish whose colouration and shape are inspired by live subjects and that the degree of repulsion varies as a function of the swimming depth and the aspect ratio.

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