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Neuroimage. 2013 Nov 1;81:325-334. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.038. Epub 2013 May 16.

Visual callosal topography in the absence of retinal input.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: abock@u.washington.edu.
2
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Lausanne, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.
3
Integrated Brain Imaging Center (IBIC), Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
5
FMRIB Centre, Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Using probabilistic diffusion tractography, we examined the retinotopic organization of splenial callosal connections within early blind, anophthalmic, and control subjects. Early blind subjects experienced prenatal retinal "waves" of spontaneous activity similar to those of sighted subjects, and only lack postnatal visual experience. In anophthalmia, the eye is either absent or arrested at an early prenatal stage, depriving these subjects of both pre- and postnatal visual input. Therefore, comparing these two groups provides a way of separating the influence of pre- and postnatal retinal input on the organization of visual connections across hemispheres. We found that retinotopic mapping within the splenium was not measurably disrupted in early blind or anophthalmic subjects compared to visually normal controls. No significant differences in splenial volume were observed across groups. No significant differences in diffusivity were found between early blind subjects and sighted controls, though some differences in diffusivity were noted between anophthalmic subjects and controls. These results suggest that neither prenatal retinal activity nor postnatal visual experience plays a role in the large-scale topographic organization of visual callosal connections within the splenium.

KEYWORDS:

Anophthalmia; Blind; Development; Diffusion tensor imaging; Plasticity; Tractography

PMID:
23684881
PMCID:
PMC3742332
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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