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Cell Rep. 2013 May 30;3(5):1457-64. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.04.019. Epub 2013 May 16.

Essential regulation of lung surfactant homeostasis by the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR116.

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Tumor Angiogenesis Section, Mouse Cancer Genetics Program (MCGP), Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), Frederick, MD 21702, USA.


GPR116 is an orphan seven-pass transmembrane receptor whose function has been unclear. Global disruption of the Gpr116 gene in mice revealed an unexpected, critical role for this receptor in lung surfactant homeostasis, resulting in progressive accumulation of surfactant lipids and proteins in the alveolar space, labored breathing, and a reduced lifespan. GPR116 expression analysis, bone marrow transplantation studies, and characterization of conditional knockout mice revealed that GPR116 expression in ATII cells is required for maintaining normal surfactant levels. Aberrant packaging of surfactant proteins with lipids in the Gpr116 mutant mice resulted in compromised surfactant structure, function, uptake, and processing. Thus, GPR116 plays an indispensable role in lung surfactant homeostasis with important ramifications for the understanding and treatment of lung surfactant disorders.

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