Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013 May-Jun;89(3):226-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2012.11.009. Epub 2013 Apr 26.

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: recent advances in pathophysiology and treatment.

Author information

Hospital São Luiz, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.



Although recognized for decades, little is known about the etiology, physiopathology, and prevention of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), and its treatment remains a major challenge for neonatologists. In this review, the clinical features and physiopathology of the syndrome will be addressed, as well as its general and specific treatments.


A review was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and MRei consult databases, searching for articles related to the syndrome and published between 1995 and 2011.


Risk factors and the physiopathological mechanisms of the syndrome are discussed. The clinical presentation depends on the different factors involved. These are related to the etiology and physiopathology of the different forms of the disease. In addition to the measures used to allow for the decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance after birth, in some instances pulmonary vasodilators will be required. Although inhaled nitric oxide has proved effective, other vasodilators have been recently used, but clinical evidence is still lacking to demonstrate their benefits in the treatment of PPHN.


Despite recent technological advances and new physiopathological knowledge of this disease, mortality associated with PPHN remains at 10%. More clinical research and evidence-based experimental results are needed to prevent, treat, and reduce the morbidity/mortality associated with this neonatal syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria
Loading ...
Support Center