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Rev Calid Asist. 2013 Sep-Oct;28(5):285-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cali.2013.03.007. Epub 2013 May 15.

[Effectiveness of lifestyle intervention program in persons with obesity treated in a day hospital].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Gestión Clínica (UGC) de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Universitario Puerto Real, Cádiz, España. Electronic address: florencarral@hotmail.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Obesity is a chronic disease that affects approximately 25% of the Spanish population, causing high morbidity and associated healthcare costs.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program on lifestyles in obese patients treated in a day hospital scheme.

METHODS:

A prospective non- controlled intervention study was conducted on obese patients treated in the Endocrinology and Nutrition day hospital, Puerto Real University Hospital, and included in program of lifestyle modification to achieve a weight loss of ≥ 5% minimum.

RESULTS:

We studied 262 patients with a mean age of 44.6±16.0 years (71% women) with an initial weight, body mass index and waist circumference of 110.4±21.1kg, 41.6±6.6Kg/m(2) and 120.5±13.2cm, respectively. Patients who continued in the study lost an average of 4.8±4.8kg (n=165) and 7.0±6.2kg (n=48) at three and six months, respectively, with 51.5% (n=135) patients reaching the weight loss goal of ≥ 5%. There were no statistically differences in weight loss between any clinical or follow-up variables analysed. 43.5% of patients voluntarily left the study without reaching the weight loss goal.

CONCLUSION:

The intervention on lifestyles in obese patients treated in a day hospital achieves moderate weight loss in the medium term, with half of patients achieving a weight loss ≥5%.

KEYWORDS:

Adultos; Adults; Body mass index; Day hospital; Estilo de vida; Hospital de día; Lifestyle; Obesidad; Obesity; Pérdida de peso; Resultados; Telemedicina; Telemedicine; Treatment outcome; Weight loss; Índice de masa corporal

PMID:
23684047
DOI:
10.1016/j.cali.2013.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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