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Pathog Glob Health. 2013 Mar;107(2):66-8. doi: 10.1179/2047773213Y.0000000076.

An outbreak of hepatitis E and high maternal mortality at Port Sudan, Eastern Sudan.

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Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.


During 4 months (November 2010-March 2011) of an outbreak of hepatitis E virus (HEV), 39 pregnant women presented at Port Sudan Hospital, Sudan, with various symptoms of viral hepatitis. The diagnosis of viral hepatitis was confirmed by serology using ELISA anti-HEV IgG and IgM. The mean (SD) maternal age and gestational age were 24·0 (4·2) years and 33·6 (3·7) weeks, respectively. Eight (20·5%) women were primigravidae. There were 11 (28·2%) maternal deaths, 14 (36·0%) intrauterine fetal deaths, and eight (20·5%) cases of postpartum haemorrhage. There were nine (23·0%) cases of preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) deliveries. Fulminant hepatitis with hepatic encephalopathy was the most common cause of death among these patients. Nine of these women died before delivery and the other two died immediately following the delivery due to severe haemorrhage. There were no significant differences in clinical and biochemical data between the women who died (11) and those who survived.

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