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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013 Feb;15(2):142-6. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.8018. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Comparing mindfulness based cognitive therapy and traditional cognitive behavior therapy with treatments as usual on reduction of major depressive disorder symptoms.

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1
Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In this studyMindfulness and CBT were combined to investigate the enhance of psychotropic work. Both therapies have integrated acceptance-based mindfulness approaches with change-based cognitive behavioral therapies to create efficacious treatments. That is, introduce use of MBCT in active phase of treatment and chronic depression.

OBJECTIVES:

This study was done to evaluate efficacy of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and traditional Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) with Treatments as usual (TAU) to reduce psychiatric symptoms in a sample of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

90 patients who were referred to clinics of university of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences and Tehran University Counseling Centre and met DSM-IV criteria for MDD were selected. They were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 30), CBT (n = 30), or TAU (n = 30). They were aged between 18 and 45 years (M = 28, SD = 8), with an average of two previous depression episodes. They were interviewed through the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and self-report by Brief Symptom Inventory, pre and post treatment. Patients in MBCT and CBT group received the treatment, while TAU group continued therapy (anti-depressant).

RESULTS:

The results indicated that MBCT and CBT groups have significant efficacy on reduction of MDD symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

MBCT appears to be as effective as CBT in the treatment of current depression.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive Behavior Therapy; Major depressive Disorder; psychiatric

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