Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Z Gastroenterol. 2013 May;51(5):432-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1325524. Epub 2013 May 16.

[How safe is sedation in gastrointestinal endoscopy? A multicentre analysis of 388,404 endoscopies and analysis of data from prospective registries of complications managed by members of the Working Group of Leading Hospital Gastroenterologists (ALGK)].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Die Institutsangaben sind am Ende des Beitrags gelistet.



Gastrointestinal endoscopies are increasingly being carried out with sedation. All of the drugs used for sedation are associated with a certain risk of complications. Data currently available on sedation-associated morbidity and mortality rates are limited and in most cases have substantial methodological limitations. The aim of this study was to record severe sedation-associated complications in a large number of gastrointestinal endoscopies.


Data on severe sedation-associated complications were collected on a multicentre basis from prospectively recorded registries of complications in the participating hospitals (median documentation period 27 months, range 9 - 129 months).


Data for 388,404 endoscopies from 15 departments were included in the study. Severe sedation-associated complications occurred in 57 patients (0.01 %). Forty-one percent of the complications and 50 % of all complications with a fatal outcome (10/20 patients) occurred during emergency endoscopies. In addition, it was found that 95 % of the complications and 100 % of all fatal complications affected patients in ASA class ≥ 3.


Including nearly 400,000 endoscopies, this study represents the largest prospective, multicenter record of the complications of sedation worldwide. The analysis shows that sedation is carried out safely in gastrointestinal endoscopy. The morbidity and mortality rates are much lower than previously reported in the literature in similar groups of patients. Risk factors for the occurrence of serious complications include emergency examinations and patients in ASA class ≥ 3.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
    Loading ...
    Support Center