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Muscle Nerve. 2013 Nov;48(5):696-704. doi: 10.1002/mus.23900. Epub 2013 Sep 2.

Neuromuscular ultrasound in common entrapment neuropathies.

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Department of Neurology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Main Floor Reynolds Tower, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27157, USA.


Neuromuscular ultrasound involves the use of high-resolution ultrasound to image the peripheral nervous system of patients with suspected neuromuscular diseases. It complements electrodiagnostic studies well by providing anatomic information regarding nerves, muscles, vessels, tendons, ligaments, bones, and other structures that cannot be obtained with nerve conduction studies and electromyography. Neuromuscular ultrasound has been studied extensively over the past 10 years and has been used most often in the assessment of entrapment neuropathies. This review focuses on the use of neuromuscular ultrasound in 4 of the most common entrapment neuropathies: carpal tunnel syndrome, ulnar neuropathy at the elbow and wrist, and fibular neuropathy at the knee.


clinical neurophysiology; entrapment neuropathy; fibular nerve ultrasound; median nerve; ulnar nerve

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