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Nanotechnology. 2013 Jun 21;24(24):245702. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/24/245702. Epub 2013 May 16.

Preparation of thermostable PBO/graphene nanocomposites with high dielectric constant.

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1
The Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of The Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

In this study, poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (PBO)/graphene composites were prepared using PBO and poly(4,6-dihydroxymetaphenylenediamine terephthalamide) (PHA)-modified graphene oxide (GO-PHA). PHA is the precursor of PBO. GO-PHA was obtained via chemical coupling reaction of amino-terminated PHA and acyl-chloride-functionalized GO. Partially reduced graphene nanosheets and benzoxazole rings were formed after heating. GO-PHA could be stably dispersed in methane sulfonic acid (MSA), which facilitated its uniform distribution in the PBO matrix. The PBO/graphene nanocomposites were obtained by the dissolution of GO-PHA and PBO in MSA. The thermogravimetric analysis results showed that the PBO/graphene composites had good thermal stability below 400 ° C. The dielectric constant of the composites increased as the amount of GO-PHA increased, and the percolation threshold was f(c) = 0.037. The nanocomposite had a dielectric constant of 15.8, which was approximately five times larger than that of pure PBO polymer.

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