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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2013 May-Jun;19(3):113-20. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.111953.

Do probiotics improve eradication response to Helicobacter pylori on standard triple or sequential therapy?

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Department of Gastroenterology, ADSC Center, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.



The standard triple therapy for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori consists of a combination of a proton pump inhibitor at a standard dose together with two antibiotics (amoxicillin 1000 mg plus either clarithromycin 500 mg or metronidazole 400 mg) all given twice daily for a period of 7-14 days. Recent reports have shown a dramatic decline in the rate of H. pylori eradication utilizing standard triple therapy from 95% down to 70-80%.


Our study was designed to evaluate the effect of adding a probiotic as an adjuvant to common regimens used for H. pylori eradication.


An open label randomized observational clinical study was designed to test three different regimens of H. pylori eradication treatment: Standard triple therapy with a concomitant probiotic added at the same time (n = 100), starting the probiotic for 2 weeks before initiating standard triple therapy along with the probiotic (n = 95), and the third regimen consists of the probiotic given concomitantly to sequential treatment (n = 76). The three arms were compared to a control group of patients treated with the traditional standard triple therapy (n = 106).


The eradication rate for the traditional standard therapy was 68.9%, and adding the probiotic "Bifidus infantis" to triple therapy, led to a successful rate of eradication of 83% (P < 0.001). Pre-treatment with 2 weeks of B. infantis before adding it to standard triple therapy increased the success rate of eradication to 90.5%. Similar improvement in eradication rate was noted when B. infantis was added as an adjuvant to the sequential therapy leading to an eradication rate of 90.8%.


Adding B. infantis as an adjuvant to several therapeutic regimens commonly used for the eradication of H. pylori infection significantly improves the cure rates.

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