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Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2013 Jul;35(7):E5.

Cardiovascular effects of thyroid disease.

Author information

1
Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

Abstract

Thyroid hormones have many effects on cardiovascular function, and deficiency or excess of thyroid hormones can result in cardiac dysfunction. Abnormalities of the cardiovascular system are often identified during examination of hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients. This article addresses the effects of thyroid hormones on the cardiovascular system and the clinical relevance of the cardiovascular response to thyroid dysfunction. In addition, treatment recommendations are presented.

PMID:
23677842
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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