Send to

Choose Destination
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2014 Jan;64(1):20-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1341449. Epub 2013 May 15.

[Stigmatization in HIV/AIDS: first German adaptation of the HIV-stigma scale (HSS-D)].

[Article in German]

Author information

Klinikum rechts der Isar, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Technische Universität München.
MVZ Karlsplatz, HIV Schwerpunktpraxis, München.
MUC Research GmbH, München.


Despite improvements in medical treatment and numerous public health campaigns stigmatization remains a potent stressor for people living with HIV/ AIDS. This study provides an initial German adaptation of the HIV Stigma Scale (HSS-D). Participants were 167 HIV-positive homosexual men aged 22-74 years. Exploratory factor analysis replicated the original four-factor structure (subscales: enacted stigma, disclosure concerns, negative self-image, concern with public attitudes). Further psychometric analysis led to a revised version comprising 21 items (HSS-D21). The scale showed high reliability (α=0.90). Significant associations with anxiety, depres-sion, life satisfaction and perceived social support confirmed for construct validity. The majority of the respondents expressed high acceptance of the stigma measure. In order to eslish a thorough German adaptation further research with diverse samples is needed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
Loading ...
Support Center