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Eur J Pediatr. 2013 Sep;172(9):1235-42. doi: 10.1007/s00431-013-1992-9. Epub 2013 May 16.

Desmopressin melt improves response and compliance compared with tablet in treatment of primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis.

Author information

1
Ferring International PharmaScience Center, Kay Fiskers Plads 11, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark. KristianVinter.Juul@ferring.com

Abstract

Primary nocturnal enuresis is a prevalent childhood condition that can persist into adulthood. Desmopressin is an antidiuretic available as orally disintegrating lyophilisate (melt) or solid tablet. Recent findings suggesting different food interactions and clinical characteristics, including compliance, between desmopressin melt and tablet motivated a post hoc analysis of a previously reported randomised, crossover study. The efficacy of desmopressin melt compared with tablet was evaluated using the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) responder definitions. Compliance was further analysed using detailed criteria, and the association between efficacy and compliance was examined. In total, 221 patients aged 5-15 years, already receiving desmopressin tablets were randomised to the treatment sequence melt (120/240 μg)/tablet (0.2/0.4 mg) or tablet/melt in two consecutive 3-week periods. The probability of being a responder (partial or full) during either period was significantly more likely with desmopressin melt compared with tablet (odds ratio, 2.0; confidence intervals, 1.07-3.73; p = 0.03). There was no period effect on compliance in the tablet/melt sequence and no difference in the number of completely compliant patients in each formulation group; however, more patients were >75 % compliant in period 1 compared with period 2 in the melt/tablet sequence. Increased compliance was associated with greater reductions in the number of wet nights for both formulations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Desmopressin melt, compared with tablet, improves the probability of being a responder. Switching from tablet to melt formulation increased patient compliance. Increased compliance was associated with increased efficacy. Switching to desmopressin melt may benefit patients with suboptimal responses to desmopressin tablet.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00209261.

PMID:
23677249
PMCID:
PMC3742424
DOI:
10.1007/s00431-013-1992-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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