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Onco Targets Ther. 2013 May 7;6:497-502. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S41643. Print 2013.

PIK3CA gene mutation associated with poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing TB and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

PIK3CA gene mutations have been detected in many malignancies, but the frequency of different mutations and their role in the carcinogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical pathological impact and prognostic implications of PIK3CA mutations in lung adenocarcinoma.

METHODS:

Five common PIK3CA mutations (E542K, E545K, and E545D mutation in exon 9, H1047R and H1047L mutation in exon 20) were detected by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), in 122 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. The relationships were studied between these mutations and various clinicopathologic variables (age, lymph node status, distant metastasis, clinicopathologic stage, smoking status, and progression-free survival).

RESULTS:

In total, 25 mutations were identified, of which 24 mutations were clustered in exon 20, and one mutation in exon 9. The most common mutations were H1047R (18 out of the 122 patients, 14.8%) in exon 20. PIK3CA-mutated tumors were more frequently found in patients with lymph node positive metastasis status (P < 0.05). There was no significant association between PIK3CA mutations and age, distant metastasis, smoking status, or clinicopathologic stage. However, mutations were found less frequently in the early clinicopathologic stage patients (six in 50 cases, 12%) than in advanced stage (19 in 72 cases, 26.4%). Higher frequency of H1047R mutations was associated with poor prognosis, and this association reached statistical significance (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Our data indicate that the PIK3CA mutations H1047R and H1047L are significant genetic alterations in lung adenocarcinoma. Among lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent curative resection, PIK3CA mutations were associated with shorter progression-free survival. Our findings demonstrated a significant role of PIK3CA in lung adenocarcinoma.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; H1047R mutation; Lung neoplasms; Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase catalytic subunit (PIK3CA)

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