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Hum Reprod. 2013 Aug;28(8):2201-14. doi: 10.1093/humrep/det129. Epub 2013 May 14.

The mammalian-specific Tex19.1 gene plays an essential role in spermatogenesis and placenta-supported development.

Author information

1
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de Santé et de Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U964/Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 1704/Université de Strasbourg, 67404 Illkirch, France.

Abstract

STUDY QUESTION:

What is the consequence of Tex19.1 gene deletion in mice?

SUMMARY ANSWER:

The Tex19.1 gene is important in spermatogenesis and placenta-supported development.

WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY:

Tex19.1 is expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells, primordial germ cells (PGCs), placenta and adult gonads. Its invalidation in mice leads to a variable impairment in spermatogenesis and reduction of perinatal survival.

STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION:

We generated knock-out mice and ES cells and compared them with wild-type counterparts. The phenotype of the Tex19.1 knock-out mouse line was investigated during embryogenesis, fetal development and placentation as well as during adulthood.

PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS:

We used a mouse model system to generate a mutant mouse line in which the Tex19.1 gene was deleted in the germline. We performed an extensive analysis of Tex19.1-deficient ES cells and assessed their in vivo differentiation potential by generating chimeric mice after injection of the ES cells into wild-type blastocysts. For mutant animals, a morphological characterization was performed for testes and ovaries and placenta. Finally, we characterized semen parameters of mutant animals and performed real-time RT-PCR for expression levels of retrotransposons in mutant testes and ES cells.

MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE:

While Tex19.1 is not essential in ES cells, our study points out that it is important for spermatogenesis and for placenta-supported development. Furthermore, we observed an overexpression of the class II LTR-retrotransposon MMERVK10C in Tex19.1-deficient ES cells and testes.

LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION:

The Tex19.1 knock-out phenotype is variable with testis morphology ranging from severely altered (in sterile males) to almost indistinguishable compared with the control counterparts (in fertile males). This variability in the testis phenotype subsequently hampered the molecular analysis of mutant testes. Furthermore, these results were obtained in the mouse, which has a second isoform (i.e. Tex19.2), while other mammals possess only one Tex19 (e.g. in humans).

WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS:

The fact that one gene has a role in both placentation and spermatogenesis might open new ways of studying human pathologies that might link male fertility impairment and placenta-related pregnancy disorders.

STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S):

This work was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) (Grant Avenir), the Ministère de l'Education Nationale, de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche, the Université de Strasbourg, the Association Française contre les Myopathies (AFM) and the Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale (FRM) and Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg.The authors have nothing to disclose.

KEYWORDS:

Tex19; meiosis; spermatogenesis; stem cells; transposons

PMID:
23674551
DOI:
10.1093/humrep/det129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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