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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2013 May-Jun;37(3):321-6. doi: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e318282d7e2.

Comparative evaluation of 3-dimensional pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling with dynamic contrast-enhanced perfusion magnetic resonance imaging in grading of human glioma.

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Departments of Radiology & Imaging, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, India.



The study was performed to compare dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 3-dimensional (3D) pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) MRI in gliomas with an aim to see whether arterial spin labeling (ASL)-derived cerebral blood flow (CBF) values can be used as an alternative to DCE-MRI for its grading.


Sixty-four patients with glioma (37 male; mean age, 43 years; 38 high grade and 26 low grade) underwent 3D-PCASL and DCE-MRI. The DCE indices (relative cerebral blood volume, rCBV; relative CBF, rCBF; permeability, k and kep; and leakage, ve) and ASL (absolute and rCBF) values were quantified from the tumors. Student independent t test was used to compare ASL and DCE-MRI indices. Pearson correlation was used to see correlation between DCE- and ASL-derived CBF values in tumor and normal parenchyma.


On Student t test, neither ASL-derived absolute CBF (P = 0.78) nor rCBF (P = 0.12) values were found to be significantly different in 2 groups, whereas DCE indices except ve were significantly higher in high-grade gliomas. Arterial spin labeling-derived rCBF values weakly correlated with DCE-derived rCBF values, whereas these did not show correlation in normal grey (P = 0.12, r = 0.2) and white (P = 0.26, r = 0.14) matter regions.


Three-dimensional pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling does not appear to be a reliable technique in the current form and may not be a suitable replacement for DCE in grading of glioma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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