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Med Oncol. 2013;30(3):602. doi: 10.1007/s12032-013-0602-z. Epub 2013 May 15.

Tumor cavitation among lung cancer patients receiving first-line chemotherapy at a tertiary care centre in India: association with histology and overall survival.

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1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Sector-12, Chandigarh 160012, India. navneetchd@yahoo.com

Abstract

Clinical significance of tumor cavitation (TC) prior to and following first-line chemotherapy of lung cancer is unclear. An evaluation of the incidence and prognostic role of TC among treatment naive lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy at a tertiary care institute in North India was undertaken. Retrospective data analysis and radiological review of newly diagnosed lung cancer patients initiated on chemotherapy over a 2-year period were carried out. Demographic characteristics and overall survival (OS) were compared between patients with and without TC at baseline. Patients who received 3 or more cycles of chemotherapy were included in analysis for response rates and new onset TC. Overall, 27 (7.8 %) of 347 patients had baseline TC. Among 271 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with (n = 26) and without (n = 245) baseline TC, histology was the only demographic characteristic that differed significantly [squamous 76.9 vs. 46.9 %; p = 0.004]. Majority (82.7 %) of NSCLC patients had advanced (stage IIIB/IV) disease. NSCLC patients with and without baseline TC alive at 6 months, 1 and 2 years were 34.6 versus 53.9 %, 11.5 versus 25.7 % and 3.8 versus 7.8 %, respectively. NSCLC patients with baseline TC had shorter median OS than those without (174 days [95 % confidence interval (CI) 106-242 days] vs. 235 days [95 % CI 207-263 days]). On multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, age [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.02, 95 % CI 1.01-1.04] and baseline TC [HR = 1.66, 95 % CI 1.03-2.69] were found significant. Response rates were similar between the two groups. Patients with TC after chemotherapy differed from those without in frequency of squamous histology (77.8 vs. 38.9 %; p < 0.001) and presence of metastatic disease (19.4 vs. 40.9 %; p = 0.016). Squamous histology has a significant association with presence of baseline TC and of new onset TC after chemotherapy. Presence of baseline TC has an independent association with shorter OS among NSCLC patients undergoing first-line chemotherapy.

PMID:
23673987
DOI:
10.1007/s12032-013-0602-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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