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Mol Biol Rep. 2013 Aug;40(8):4713-9. doi: 10.1007/s11033-013-2567-6. Epub 2013 May 15.

miR-146a and miR-150 promote the differentiation of CD133+ cells into T-lymphoid lineage.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering, Stem Cell Technology Research Center, 1997775555, Tehran, Iran.


MicroRNAs control the genes involved in hematopoietic stem cell (HSCs) survival, proliferation and differentiation. The over-expression of miR-146 and miR-150 has been reported during differentiation of HSCs into T-lymphoid lineage. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the effect of their over-expression on CD133+ cells differentiation to T cells. miR-146a and miR-150 were separately and jointly transduced to human cord blood derived CD133+ cells (>97% purity). We used qRT-PCR to assess the expression of CD2, CD3ε, CD4, CD8, CD25, T cell receptor alpha (TCR-α) and Ikaros genes in differentiated cells 4 and 8 days after transduction of the miRNAs. Following the over-expression of miR-146a, significant up-regulation of CD2, CD4, CD25 and Ikaros genes were observed (P<0.01). On the other hand, over-expression of miR-150 caused an increase in the expression of Ikaros, CD4, CD25 and TCR-α. To evaluate the combinatorial effect of miR-146a and miR-150, transduction of both miRNAs was concurrently performed which led to increase in the expression of Ikaros, CD4 and CD3 genes. In conclusion, it seems that the effect of miR-150 and miR-146a on the promotion of T cell differentiation is time-dependant. Moreover, miRNAs could be used either as substitutes or complements of the conventional differentiation protocols for higher efficiency.

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