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Cytokine. 2013 Aug;63(2):145-50. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2013.04.012. Epub 2013 May 11.

Association between hepatic steatosis and hepatic expression of genes involved in innate immunity in patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, 4-86 Minaminokawa, Ogaki, Gifu 503-8502, Japan. hmtoyoda@spice.ocn.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS:

We investigated the association between hepatic steatosis and hepatic expression of genes involved in innate immunity, both of which are reportedly associated with resistance to peginterferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin combination therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

METHODS:

A total of 122 patients infected with HCV genotype 1b who underwent and completed PEG-IFN and ribavirin combination therapy were studied. Hepatic steatosis was evaluated on the basis of the liver specimen biopsied prior to antiviral therapy. The levels of mRNA of innate immunity genes (RIG-I, MDA5, LGP2, Cardif, RNF125, ISG15, and USP18) were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction in RNA extracted from biopsied liver tissue and compared between patients with and without hepatic steatosis.

RESULTS:

The proportion of patients with hepatic steatosis, the hepatic expression levels of RIG-I gene, and RIG-I/Cardif and RIG-I/RNF125 ratios were significantly higher in patients in whom serum HCV RNA did not disappear throughout the treatment period. Hepatic expression of RIG-I and the ratios of RIG-I/Cardif and RIG-I/RNF125 were significantly higher in patients with steatosis than those without.

CONCLUSIONS:

Changes in hepatic expression of some genes involved in innate immunity were observed along with hepatic steatosis, possibly playing a mechanistic role in resistance to IFN-based therapy in patients with hepatic steatosis.

PMID:
23673288
DOI:
10.1016/j.cyto.2013.04.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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