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Neurology. 2013 May 14;80(20):1901-7. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182929f4f.

Subcortical epilepsy?

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Department of Clinical Neurosciences, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia.


In the past, the cortex has for the most part been considered to be the site of seizure origin in the different forms of epilepsy. Findings from histopathologic, electrophysiologic, and brain imaging studies now provide ample evidence demonstrating that like normal cerebral function, epileptic seizures involve widespread network interactions between cortical and subcortical structures. These studies show that different forms of generalized and focal epileptiform discharges and seizures engage various subcortical structures in varying ways. This interaction has been the subject of many reviews and is not the focus of the current work. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence suggesting the possibility for some of the subcortical structures to initiate seizures independently and the clinical implications of this.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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