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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Jul;89(1):93-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0015. Epub 2013 May 13.

Coverage-dependent effect of insecticide-treated curtains for dengue control in Thailand.

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1
Unit of General Epidemiology and Disease Control, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. vvanlerberghe@itg.be

Abstract

Evidence on the effectiveness of insecticide-treated curtains (ITCs) for reducing densities of Aedes mosquitoes, the principal vectors of dengue, is scarce. In Laem Chabang southeast of Bangkok, Thailand, the Breteau Index (BI) (number of positive containers/100 houses) was 45 in October 2006. In March 2007, we distributed long-lasting ITCs in 22 clusters (2,032 houses) and selected 66 control clusters (661 houses). Routine control activities continued in all clusters. Six months after distribution, the BI was 25.8 and 77.6 in intervention and control areas, respectively (P < 0.001). Eighteen months after distribution, the BI was 21.8 and 23.8, respectively (P = 0.28). The average number of ITCs/house at cluster level was associated with the BI (P < 0.01) after six months, when 70.5% of households still used ITCs, but not at 18 months, when ITC coverage had decreased to 33.2%. Deployment of ITCs can result in considerable reductions in Aedes infestation levels, but the effect is coverage dependent.

PMID:
23669233
PMCID:
PMC3748493
DOI:
10.4269/ajtmh.13-0015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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