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Profiles Drug Subst Excip Relat Methodol. 2013;38:423-62. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-407691-4.00010-1.

Sucralose.

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1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Sucralose is a nonnutritive, zero-calorie artificial sweetener. It is a chlorinated sugar substitute that is about 600 times as sweet as sucrose. It is produced from sucrose when three chlorine atoms replace three hydroxyl groups. It is consumed as tablets (Blendy) by diabetic and obese patients. It is also used as an excipient in drug manufacturing. Unlike other artificial sweeteners, it is stable when heated and can, therefore, be used in baked and fried foods. The FDA approved sucralose in 1998. This review presents a comprehensive profile for sucralose including physical, analytical, and ADME profiles and methods of its synthesis. Spectral data for X-ray powder diffraction and DSC of sucralose are recorded and presented. The authors also recorded FT-IR, (1)H- and (13)C NMR, and ESI-MS spectra. Interpretation with detailed spectral assignments is provided. The analytical profile of sucralose covered the compendial methods, spectroscopic, and different chromatographic analytical techniques. The ADME profile covered all absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination data in addition to pharmacokinetics and pharmacological effects of sucralose. Some nutritional aspects for sucralose in obesity and diabetes are also presented. Both chemical and microbiological synthesis schemes for sucralose are reviewed and included.

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