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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2013 Feb;34(2):753-9.

[Biodegradation of nitrobenzene by a halophilic Myroides odoratimimus strain Y6].

[Article in Chinese]

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College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.


Aimed at efficient remediation of nitrobenzene-contaminated saline wastewater, the nitrobenzene-degrading characteristics of a Myroides odoratimimus strain Y6 were studied and analyzed. The effects of temperature, pH, initial concentration of nitrobenzene, inoculum concentration and culture type on the biodegradation of nitrobenzene by strain Y6 under saline conditions were studied. Strain Y6 showed the highest efficiency of nitrobenzene degradation in 7% NaC1 (mass fraction). The optimal conditions for the biodegradation of nitrobenzene by strain Y6 were at pH 6.0, 28 degrees C and D600 = 1. With initial concentrations of 100 and 200 mg.L-1, 97.5% and 65.7% of nitrobenzene were transformed after 168 h in 7% NaCL, respectively. Three kinds of additional compounds, glucose, starch and glycerin were tested to choose a favorite carbon source for the co-metabolism of strain Y6. The results showed that all these three compounds could promote nitrobenzene biodegradation and cell growth. And the rate of degradation could increase to 93.3% ,with 800 mg.L-1 glucose as the primary substrate. These results suggest that strain Y6 could be a potential candidate for treating nitrobenzene-contaminated saline wastewater. To date, this is the only study on the degradation of nitrobenzene by M. odoratimimus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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