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J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2013 Apr;19(2):233-43. doi: 10.5056/jnm.2013.19.2.233. Epub 2013 Apr 16.

Effect of Helicobacter pylori Eradication on Functional Dyspepsia.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

This study evaluated the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on functional dyspepsia (FD), and the relationship between the changes of histological gastritis and FD symptom responses.

METHODS:

A total of 213 FD patients diagnosed by Rome III criteria were consecutively enrolled. H. pylori tests and gastritis grade by the Sydney system were performed before and 1 year after the proton pump based-eradication therapy for 7 days. Serum levels of pepsinogen, and genetic polymorphisms IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 were investigated.

RESULTS:

Total of 91 patients completed the 1 year follow-up. When the response rate of dyspepsia was compared at 1 year between the non-eradicated group (n = 24) and eradicated group (n = 67), each group showed complete response of 62.5% and 62.7%; satisfactory response (≥ 50%) of 0.0% and 19.4%; partial response (< 50%) of 12.5% and 11.9%; and refractory response of 25.0% and 6.0%, respectively (P = 0.015). In addition, the responder group (complete + satisfactory response) at 1 year showed improvement of activity and chronic inflammation in both the antrum and corpus (all P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that H. pylori eradication (OR, 5.81; 95% CI, 1.07-31.59) and symptom improvement at 3 month (OR, 28.90; 95% CI, 5.29-157.82) were associated with the improvement of dyspepsia at 1 year. Among the successfully eradicated FD patients (n = 67), male (P = 0.013) and higher initial BMI (P = 0.016) were associated with the improvement of dyspepsia at 1 year.

CONCLUSIONS:

H. pylori eradication improved FD symptoms, as well as gastritis at 1 year, suggesting that inflammation mediates FD.

KEYWORDS:

Eradication; Functional dyspepsia; Helicobacter pylori

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