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PLoS One. 2013 May 7;8(5):e63704. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063704. Print 2013.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pigs and farm workers on conventional and antibiotic-free swine farms in the USA.

Author information

1
Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America. tara-smith@uiowa.edu

Abstract

Much uncertainty remains about the origin and public health implications of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA). This study aimed to investigate the occurrence and prevalence of MRSA in general and LA-MRSA in particular in pigs and farm workers in five states. We collected nasal swabs from pigs and farm workers at 45 swine herds (21 antibiotic-free herds; 24 conventional herds) in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Carolina and Ohio. MRSA was isolated from 50 of 1085 pigs (4.6%) and 31 of 148 (20.9%) of farm workers. MRSA-positive pigs and people were clustered in four conventional swine farms in Iowa and Illinois. Based on genotyping, spa type t034, a common livestock associated variant, was predominant among both human and swine isolates. These results confirm the presence of LA-MRSA in pigs and swine farm workers in the USA, but the prevalence found is relatively low compared with European studies.

PMID:
23667659
PMCID:
PMC3646818
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0063704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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