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Nutrients. 2013 May 10;5(5):1544-60. doi: 10.3390/nu5051544.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its connection with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Physiology National Research Council, Pisa 56100, Italy. m.gaggini@ifc.cnr.it

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is marked by hepatic fat accumulation not due to alcohol abuse. Several studies have demonstrated that NAFLD is associated with insulin resistance leading to a resistance in the antilipolytic effect of insulin in the adipose tissue with an increase of free fatty acids (FFAs). The increase of FFAs induces mitochondrial dysfunction and development of lipotoxicity. Moreover, in subjects with NAFLD, ectopic fat also accumulates as cardiac and pancreatic fat. In this review we analyzed the mechanisms that relate NAFLD with metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia and its association with the development and progression of cardiovascular disease.

PMID:
23666091
PMCID:
PMC3708335
DOI:
10.3390/nu5051544
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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