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Gut. 2014 Feb;63(2):244-9. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-304820. Epub 2013 May 11.

Randomised clinical trial comparing sequential and concomitant therapies for Helicobacter pylori eradication in routine clinical practice.

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  • 1Digestive Services, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), , Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

No trial has compared non-bismuth quadruple 'sequential' and 'concomitant' regimens in settings with increasing clarithromycin rates. The study aims to compare the effectiveness and safety of these therapies for Helicobacter pylori treatment.

DESIGN:

Prospective randomised clinical trial in 11 Spanish hospitals. Patients naïve to eradication therapy with non-investigated/functional dyspepsia or peptic ulcer disease were included. Randomised (1:1) to sequential (omeprazole (20 mg/12 h) and amoxicillin (1 g/12 h) for 5 days, followed by 5 days of omeprazole (20 mg/12 h), clarithromycin (500 mg/12 h) and metronidazole (500 mg/12 h)), or concomitant treatment (same drugs taken concomitantly for 10 days). Eradication was confirmed with (13)C-urea breath test or histology 4 weeks after treatment. Adverse events (AEs) and compliance were evaluated with questionnaires and residual medication count.

RESULTS:

338 consecutive patients were randomised. Mean age was 47 years, 60% were women, 22% smokers and 20% had peptic ulcer. Concomitant and sequential eradication rates were, respectively, 87% vs 81% by intention-to-treat (p=0.15) and 91% vs 86% (p=0.131) per protocol. Respective compliances were 83% vs 82%. Treatment-emergent AEs were reported in 59% of patients (no differences found between treatments). AEs were mostly mild (60%), and average length was 6.1 days, causing discontinuation only in 12 patients. Multivariate analysis: 'concomitant' treatment showed an OR of 1.5 towards better eradication rate in a borderline significance CI (95% CI 0.9 to 2.8).

CONCLUSIONS:

Concomitant therapy led to a non-statistically significant advantage (5%) over sequential therapy, coming closer to 90% cure rates. Both therapies showed an acceptable safety profile. ClincialTrials.gov: NCT01273441.

KEYWORDS:

ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY; CLINICAL TRIALS; HELICOBACTER PYLORI

Comment in

PMID:
23665990
DOI:
10.1136/gutjnl-2013-304820
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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