Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int Orthop. 2013 Jul;37(7):1219-23. doi: 10.1007/s00264-013-1911-8. Epub 2013 May 12.

The risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty for fractures is decreased with retentive cups.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Paris East, Hôpital Henri Mondor, 94010, Creteil, France. philippe.hernigou@wanadoo.fr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been efficacious for treating hip fractures in healthy older patients. However, in those patients with fractures a widely variable prevalence of dislocation has been reported, partly because of varying durations of follow up for this specific end-point. The purpose of the present study was to determine the cumulative risk of dislocation in these patients with fractures and to investigate if retentive cups decrease the risk of dislocation.

METHODS:

Between 2000 and 2005, 325 patients with neck fracture underwent primary THA using a retentive (325 hips) cup. The results of these 325 acetabular cups were compared to 180 THA without retentive cups performed for neck fractures in the same hospital between 1995 and 2000 by the same surgical team. The mean age of the 505 patients was 75 years (range 65-85). All patients were followed for a minimum of five years for radiographic evidence of implant failure. The patients were followed at routine intervals and were specifically queried about dislocation. The cumulative risk of dislocation and recurrent dislocation was calculated with use of the Kaplan-Meier method.

RESULTS:

For patients without retentive cups, the cumulative risk of a first-time dislocation was 5 % at one month and 12 % at one year and then rose at a constant rate of approximately 1 % every year to 16 % at five years. For patients with retentive cups, the cumulative risk of a first-time dislocation was 1 % at one month, 2 % at one year and then did not changed at five years. There were no differences in the mortality rates or in loosening rates among the treatment groups. The rate of secondary surgery was highest in the group without retentive (10 % for recurrent dislocation) compared with 1 % in the group treated with retentive cups. In absence of retentive cups, multivariate analysis revealed that the relative risk of dislocation for female patients (as compared with male patients) was 2.1 and that the relative risk for patients who were 80 years old or more (as compared with those who were less than 80 years old) was 1.5. Two underlying diagnoses occurring during follow up-cognitively impaired patients or neurologic disease-were also associated with a significantly greater risk of dislocation in absence of retentive cup. For these patients the risk was also decreased with a retentive cup.

CONCLUSION:

With standard cups the incidence of dislocation is highest in the first year after arthroplasty and then continues at a relatively constant rate for the life of the arthroplasty. Patients at highest risk are old female patients and those with a diagnosis of neurologic disease. Retentive cups in these patients are an effective technique to prevent post-operative hip dislocation.

PMID:
23665654
PMCID:
PMC3685674
DOI:
10.1007/s00264-013-1911-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center