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Biologicals. 2013 Jul;41(4):254-60. doi: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2013.04.003. Epub 2013 May 9.

Safety of the production process of SURFACEN(®) to inactivate and remove virus.

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AIDS Research Laboratory, Autopista Nacional y Carretera de Jamaica, San José de las Lajas, CP 32700, Mayabeque, Cuba.


SURFACEN(®) is a biological product produced from pig lungs. Since these animals can be potential sources of microbial pathogens such as viruses, the manufacturing process of this product should guarantee safety from health hazards. The SURFACEN(®) production procedure is capable of effective viral clearance (inactivation/removal) by involving two stages of organic solvent extraction followed by acetone precipitation and heat treatment. In this study, we evaluated the clearance capacity of these four stages for a wide range of viruses by performing spiking experiments. Residual contamination was assessed using a Tissue Culture Infectious Dose assay (log10 TCID50). The validation study demonstrated that, for all viruses tested, the TCID50 titers were reduced by more than 2 log10 in each stage. Total log reduction values achieved were between ≥17.82 log10 and ≥27.93 log10, depending on the virus physical properties, titer, and the number of processing stages applied. Results indicated that the production procedure of SURFACEN(®) can inactivate or remove contaminant viruses from the raw material.


SURFACEN(®); Viral safety

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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