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Cell Stem Cell. 2013 Jun 6;12(6):699-712. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2013.04.013. Epub 2013 May 9.

Genome-wide chromatin interactions of the Nanog locus in pluripotency, differentiation, and reprogramming.

Author information

1
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Center for Regenerative Medicine, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

The chromatin state of pluripotency genes has been studied extensively in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and differentiated cells, but their potential interactions with other parts of the genome remain largely unexplored. Here, we identified a genome-wide, pluripotency-specific interaction network around the Nanog promoter by adapting circular chromosome conformation capture sequencing. This network was rearranged during differentiation and restored in induced pluripotent stem cells. A large fraction of Nanog-interacting loci were bound by Mediator or cohesin in pluripotent cells. Depletion of these proteins from ESCs resulted in a disruption of contacts and the acquisition of a differentiation-specific interaction pattern prior to obvious transcriptional and phenotypic changes. Similarly, the establishment of Nanog interactions during reprogramming often preceded transcriptional upregulation of associated genes, suggesting a causative link. Our results document a complex, pluripotency-specific chromatin "interactome" for Nanog and suggest a functional role for long-range genomic interactions in the maintenance and induction of pluripotency.

PMID:
23665121
PMCID:
PMC3725985
DOI:
10.1016/j.stem.2013.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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