Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Cancer. 2013 Jul;49(10):2384-91. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2013.03.018. Epub 2013 May 7.

Feasibility and dose discovery analysis of zoledronic acid with concurrent chemotherapy in the treatment of newly diagnosed metastatic osteosarcoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.

Author information

1
University of California San Francisco, Benioff Children's Hospital, San Francisco, CA, United States. goldsbyr@peds.ucsf.edu

Abstract

AIM:

Patients with metastatic osteosarcoma (OS) have a poor outcome with conventional therapies. Zoledronic acid (ZA) is a third-generation bisphosphonate that reduces skeletal-related events in many adult cancers, and pre-clinical data suggest a possible benefit in OS. This study assessed the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the feasibility of ZA when combined with chemotherapy in patients with metastatic OS.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with a histological diagnosis of OS were eligible if they were <40 years of age, had initially metastatic disease and met organ function requirements. Treatment combined surgery and a conventional chemotherapy regimen. ZA was given concurrent with chemotherapy for a total of eight doses over 36 weeks. Three dose levels of ZA were tested: 1.2 mg/m(2) [max 2 mg], 2.3 mg/m(2) [max 4 mg] and 3.5 mg/m(2) [max 6 mg]. The MTD was determined during induction. Six patients were to be treated at each dose level, with an additional six patients treated with the MTD to help assess post-induction feasibility.

RESULTS:

Twenty-four patients (median age 13.5 years [range, 7-22]; 16 females) were treated. Five patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during induction, including three patients treated with 3.5 mg/m(2). DLTs included hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, mucositis, limb pain and limb oedema. There were no reports of excessive renal toxicity or osteonecrosis of the jaw. The MTD was defined as 2.3 mg/m(2) (max 4 mg).

CONCLUSIONS:

ZA can be safely combined with conventional chemotherapy with an MTD of 2.3 mg/m(2) (max 4 mg) for patients with metastatic osteosarcoma.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00742924.

PMID:
23664013
PMCID:
PMC3689577
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejca.2013.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center