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J Neurol Sci. 2013 Jul 15;330(1-2):78-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 May 7.

NR4A1 enhances neural survival following oxygen and glucose deprivation: an in vitro study.

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Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, 215004, China.


A worldwide epidemic of stroke is exacting a huge level of patient suffering and social cost. The ischemia damage to neural cells and the associated permanent neural function loss are central to the pathophysiology of stroke. In the current study, we were endeavored to identify NR4A1, an orphan nuclear receptor as a novel protector for neural cells in an in vitro neural ischemia model. Our results showed that oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) dramatically induced primary culture neural cell apoptosis and NR4A1 expression at both protein and mRNA level. Furthermore, hyperexpression or knock-down of NR4A1 significantly ameliorated or exacerbated OGD induced neural damage as manifested by decreased or increased apoptotic rates and key apoptotic protein expression respectively. As part of effort to identify the underlying mechanism, we also found that survivin is highly inducible following OGD and is required for NR4A1 action in this scenario. Our data seemed to be logical extensions of previous observations showing that NR4As are highly inducible following focal cerebral ischemia. Of note, our results also demonstrated that NR4A1 induction in this scenario may be functionally important as well and targeting NR4A1 protein can be intriguing as part of the effort to develop novel therapeutic strategies for neural protection after stroke.

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