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Leuk Lymphoma. 2014 Feb;55(2):288-95. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2013.802778. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Higher World Health Organization grades of follicular lymphoma correlate with better outcome in two Nordic Lymphoma Group trials of rituximab without chemotherapy.

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1
Department of Medicine at Huddinge, Division of Hematology, Karolinska Institutet and The Hematology Center, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Abstract

A common treatment for follicular lymphoma is rituximab monotherapy. To identify patients for whom this regimen is adequate as first-line therapy, we applied the World Health Organization (WHO) classification for grading follicular lymphoma in a prospective central pathology review of the biopsies of previously untreated patients in two randomized trials of rituximab without chemotherapy. In the first trial (n₁ = 53), higher WHO grades correlated with longer time to next treatment, independently of clinical prognostic factors (p = 0.030); the finding was replicated in the second trial (n₂ = 221; p = 0.019). Higher grades were associated with better treatment responses (p = 0.018). Furthermore, also grades externally confirmed by independent local pathologists correlated with time to next treatment (p = 0.048). Flow cytometry in a separate patient series showed that the intensity of CD20 increased with the malignant cell size (p < 0.00005). In conclusion, WHO grade 1 follicular lymphoma correlates with inferior outcome after rituximab monotherapy. WHO grading might provide a clinically useful tool for personalized therapy.

PMID:
23662992
DOI:
10.3109/10428194.2013.802778
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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