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Br J Dermatol. 2013 Oct;169(4):819-29. doi: 10.1111/bjd.12425.

The relationship between tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α promoter and IL12B/IL-23R genes polymorphisms and the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in psoriasis: a case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), C/Diego de León 62, 28006, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF)-α agents can be used successfully to treat patients with psoriasis and other inflammatory diseases. However, very few studies have examined the relationship between TNF-α polymorphisms and the response to anti-TNF-α agents.

OBJECTIVES:

To study the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the TNF-α promoter and IL12B/IL23R genes with the response to anti-TNF-α in patients with psoriasis.

METHODS:

SNPs for the TNF-α promoter and IL12B/IL23R genes, and the presence of the HLA-Cw6 haplotype were genotyped for 109 patients. We studied the association between these SNPs and the efficacy of treatment at 3 and 6 months [Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and body surface area (BSA)].

RESULTS:

Patients with the TNF-α-238GG genotype more frequently achieved a PASI75 at 6 months (82·5% vs. 58·8%, P = 0·049). At 6 months, patients with the TNF-α-857CT/TT genotypes showed greater improvements in PASI score and BSA (83·1% vs. 92·7%, P = 0·004; 82·7% vs. 92·6%, P = 0·009) and more frequently achieved PASI75 (71·4% vs. 96·3%, P = 0·006). More patients with the TNF-α-1031TT genotype achieved PASI75 at 3 months (90·8 vs. 75·7, P = 0·047) and 6 months (85·5% vs. 65·7%, P = 0·038) and demonstrated superior improvements in PASI at 6 months (89·9% vs. 78·7%, P = 0·041). Patients with the IL23R-GG genotype (rs11209026) achieved PASI90 at 6 months more frequently (66·3% vs. 0, P = 0·006) and the improvement of the PASI score was also greater (86·8% vs. 67·8%, P = 0·013). Patients with the HLA-Cw6 haplotype showed poorer response than those without this haplotype.

CONCLUSION:

This study identified a relationship between certain TNF-α and IL12B/IL23R polymorphisms and the short-term response to anti-TNF-α drugs. If these results are confirmed, this information will allow for stratified consent with more accurate prediction of response/personalized choice of treatment hierarchy for the patient.

PMID:
23662788
DOI:
10.1111/bjd.12425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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