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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:175135. doi: 10.1155/2013/175135. Epub 2013 Apr 8.

Emerging roles of propolis: antioxidant, cardioprotective, and antiangiogenic actions.

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1
Department of Basic and Experimental Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition, State University of Rio de Janeiro, 20559-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Abstract

Propolis has attracted attention in recent years due to its beneficial effects, which make it a potential preventive and therapeutic agent as well as a useful additive in food and cosmetics. The aim of this review is to discuss the growing evidence that propolis may, via a diverse array of biological actions, assist in the prevention of some inflammation-mediated pathologies including cardiovascular disease. The active components of propolis that have been identified so far include polyphenols and flavonoids. These compounds have cardioprotective, vasoprotective, antioxidant, antiatherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic actions. Many studies have been undertaken to elucidate the mechanism(s) by which propolis acts, which involve cellular signaling targets and interactions at the genomic level. This review will highlight the effects of propolis that may assist in the prevention of chronic degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular disease.

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