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Lung India. 2013 Jan;30(1):47-53. doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.106133.

Fat embolism syndrome.

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Department of Respiratory Medicine, Pushpagiri Medical College, Thiruvalla, JLN Medical College, Ajmer, India.

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Fat embolism syndrome is an often overlooked cause of breathlessness in trauma wards. Presenting in a wide range of clinical signs of varying severity, fat embolism is usually diagnosed by a physician who keeps a high degree of suspicion. The clinical background, chronology of symptoms and corroborative laboratory findings are instrumental in a diagnosis of fat embolism syndrome. There are a few diagnostic criteria which are helpful in making a diagnosis of fat embolism syndrome. Management is mainly prevention of fat embolism syndrome, and organ supportive care. Except in fulminant fat embolism syndrome, the prognosis is usually good.


Diagnosis; diagnostic criteria; fat embolism; fat embolism syndrome; management

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