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Br J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul;203(1):24-34. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.112.123299. Epub 2013 May 9.

Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity: epidemiological study.

Author information

1
Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Life and Reproduction Sciences, Verona University, Verona, Italy. samuele.cortese@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A significant association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity has been reported. This study addresses unexplored aspects of this relationship.

AIMS:

To evaluate the association between adult obesity and: (a) persistent, remitted or lifetime ADHD; (b) number of childhood ADHD symptoms, controlling for socioeconomic status and mood, anxiety and substance use disorders.

METHOD:

Face-to-face psychiatric interviews in 34 653 US adults from the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Obesity was defined as a body mass index ≥30.

RESULTS:

Persistent, lifetime or remitted ADHD were not associated with obesity after controlling for confounders. The number of childhood ADHD symptoms was significantly associated with adult obesity, even after adjustment, in women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Childhood ADHD symptoms are associated with obesity in women even after comorbid psychiatric disorders are accounted for. This provides a rationale for longitudinal studies assessing the impact of the treatment of childhood ADHD symptoms on obesity in women.

PMID:
23661765
PMCID:
PMC3696877
DOI:
10.1192/bjp.bp.112.123299
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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