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J Neurosurg. 1990 Aug;73(2):248-53.

Use of verapamil to enhance the antiproliferative activity of BCNU in human glioma cells: an in vitro and in vivo study.

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Department of Surgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta.


The authors have evaluated the antiproliferative activity of verapamil, alone or in combination with 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) in brain-tumor cells. These effects were studied in vitro using four human glioma cell lines and in vivo using glioblastoma multiforme cells transplanted to athymic nude mice. The results showed that verapamil when used alone produced inhibition of tumor growth; however, when verapamil was used in combination with BCNU (in vitro), significant dose-dependent suppression of proliferation occurred in all four cell lines. The in vivo results were far more dramatic. Mice treated with BCNU (25 mg/kg) plus verapamil (50 mg/kg) achieved a 200-fold decrease in tumor growth with a greater than 80% regression in tumor size. Complete cures were achieved in 80% of the mice observed for at least 50 days following the completion of therapy. These findings support the use of verapamil in overcoming drug resistance in malignant brain tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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