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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2013 Jul;405(18):6001-7. doi: 10.1007/s00216-013-7032-9. Epub 2013 May 10.

Preparation of a portable point-of-care in vitro diagnostic system, for quantification of canine C-reactive protein, based on a magnetic two-site immunoassay.

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LifeAssays AB, IDEON Science Park, 223 70, Lund, Sweden.


In this study, characterization of the binding kinetics and optimization of a magnetic permeability based point-of-care (POC) immunoassay system for quantification of canine C-reactive protein (cCRP) is described. The reagent is based on a two-site heterogeneous immunoassay system utilizing conjugated superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPION) and silica particles, both particles carrying covalently linked antibodies directed to the cCRP analyte. Detection is carried out using a magnetic permeability-based small instrument, adjusted in order to apply it in a POC setting near the patients. The kinetic parameters are characterized and applied in the final design of the assay system. In the cCRP system studied, 90% of the binding between immobilized solid-phase silica antibody and cCRP is complete after only 15 s, and 30 s for the binding between the antibody on the SPION and the bound cCRP on the silica particle. Additionally, the binding rate constants are determined to be 149 and 30 M(-1)s(-1), respectively. The analytical sensitivity, clinical sensitivity, and imprecision verifies the clinical usefulness of the system. Also, quantification of cCRP, using the system described, in dog clinical samples from mixed breeds shows a high correlation to a commercially available comparative cCRP ELISA system (y = 0.98 × +3.2, R(2) = 0.98, n = 47). The immunoassay system described can thus provide the veterinarian a valuable tool for rapid diagnosis and monitoring of inflammatory diseases in dogs in a setting near the patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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