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Carbohydr Res. 2013 Jun 7;374:103-14. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2013.03.030. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

Comparison between DFT- and NMR-based conformational analysis of methyl galactofuranosides.

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Alberta Glycomics Centre and Department of Chemistry, Gunning-Lemieux Chemistry Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.


Galactofuranose (Galf) residues are found in a number of microbial polysaccharides, and knowledge of their conformation is key for developing a molecular-level understanding of their biological roles. To this end, we studied 180 conformations of methyl α- and β-Galf in aqueous solution (COSMO solvation model) using density functional theory (DFT). We compare the calculated low energy conformations to those determined from the program PSEUROT using (1)H NMR data. The lowest energy ring conformation for methyl α-Galf is (2)E, and this conformer is also the major solution conformation obtained by NMR spectroscopy. For methyl β-Galf, (4)E is the lowest energy ring conformation; however, DFT results do not agree with the solution NMR spectroscopic results. Additionally, we developed Galf-specific Karplus-like equations from these conformations.

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