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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013 Aug;35(2):221-30. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.04.025. Epub 2013 May 6.

Functional characterization of a short peptidoglycan recognition protein, PGRP5 in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430072, China.


Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), which are evolutionarily conserved from insects to mammals, recognize bacterial peptidoglycan (PGN) and function in antibacterial innate immunity. In this study, a short-form PGRP, designated as gcPGRP5 was identified from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. The deduced amino acid sequence of gcPGRP5 is composed of 180 residues with a conserved PGRP domain at the C-terminus. The gcPGRP5 gene consists of four exons and three introns, spacing approximately 2.3 kb in genomic sequence. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the gcPGRP5 is clustered with other PGRP-S identified in teleost fish. The gcPGRP5 is constitutively expressed in all organs/tissues examined, and its expression was significantly induced in CIK cells treated with lipoteichoic acid (LTA), polyinosinic polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) and PGN. Fluorescence analysis showed that gcPGRP5 is distributed in cytoplasm of CIK cells, and cell lysates from CIK cells transfected with pTurbo-gcPGRP5-GFP and ptGFP1-gcPGRP5 plasmids display the binding activity and peptidoglycan-lytic amidase activity toward Lys-PGN from Staphylococcus aureus and Dap-PGN from Bacillus subtilis. Furthermore, heat-shock protein70 (Hsp70), and MyD88, an adaptor molecule in Toll-like receptor pathway, had an increased expression in CIK cells overexpressed with gcPGRP5. It is thus indicated that gcPGRP5 exhibits amidase activity, and also possesses roles in anti-stress, and in Toll-like receptor signaling pathway.


Amidase activity; Grass carp; PGRP5; Peptidoglycan recognition protein; Peptidoglycan-binding activity

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