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PLoS One. 2013 May 1;8(5):e62165. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062165. Print 2013.

Kif3a guides microtubular dynamics, migration and lumen formation of MDCK cells.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, University Hospital, Freiburg, Germany.

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2013;8(9). doi:10.1371/annotation/1eee5a30-6970-4b13-8369-a3158b79a426.

Abstract

The microtubular motor Kinesin-2 and its subunit Kif3a are essential for the formation of primary cilia, an organelle implicated in a wide spectrum of developmental abnormalities. Outside cilia, Kinesin-2 mediated transport has been implicated in vesicle and N-cadherin transport, but it is unknown if and how extraciliary Kif3a affects basic cellular functions such as migration or the formation of multicellular structures. Here we show that tetracycline inducible depletion of Kif3a in MDCK cells slows epithelial cell migration. Microtubules at the leading edge of Kif3a depleted cells failed to grow perpendicularly into the leading edge and microtubular dynamics were dampened in Kif3a depleted cells. Loss of Kif3a retarded lateral membrane specification and completely prevented the formation of three-dimensional spheres in collagen. These data uncover that Kif3a regulates the microtubular cytoskeleton in the cell periphery and imply that extra-ciliary Kif3a has an unexpected function in morphogenesis.

PMID:
23658710
PMCID:
PMC3641035
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0062165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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