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Afr Health Sci. 2013 Mar;13(1):62-7. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v13i1.9.

Non communicable disease and risky behaviour in an urban university community Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. drsimbo@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Most developing countries have only limited information on the burden of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) even though rapid transitions in these NCDs have been predicted.

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the burden of selected NCDs and associated risk behaviours in an urban university community in Nigeria.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey of 525 representative staff of a University in a large city in Nigeria was conducted.

RESULTS:

In all, 27.6% were already diagnosed with at least one NCD (hypertension-21.5%, diabetes-11%, cancer 2.9%) while 67.4% reported at least one risk behaviour (unhealthy diet- 96%, sedentary living- 27.4% excessive alcohol use-5.1% and smoking- 1.9%). Multiple risk behaviours were observed in 29.9% with no significant variation by sex or age. Those 40 years and above had significantly higher prevalence of NCD, particularly for hypertension (p<0.05). Only 7%, considered themselves to be at risk of NCDs. Those whose parents had NCDs OR: 5.9 (2.4-14.5) and those who currently had NCDs OR: 3.9(1.8-8.1) perceived themselves at risk of one or more NCDs, but not those with multiple risk behaviours.

CONCLUSION:

The high burden of NCDs and risk behaviours in the face of limited self-perceived risk has been demonstrated and calls for urgent intervention.

KEYWORDS:

Nigeria; Non communicable disease; risk behaviour

PMID:
23658569
PMCID:
PMC3645087
DOI:
10.4314/ahs.v13i1.9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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