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J Biol Chem. 2013 Jun 28;288(26):18685-95. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.459040. Epub 2013 May 8.

Structural basis for complement evasion by Lyme disease pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi.

Author information

1
Haartman Institute, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, and Research Programs Unit, Immunobiology, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes that cause Lyme borreliosis survive for a long time in human serum because they successfully evade the complement system, an important arm of innate immunity. The outer surface protein E (OspE) of B. burgdorferi is needed for this because it recruits complement regulator factor H (FH) onto the bacterial surface to evade complement-mediated cell lysis. To understand this process at the molecular level, we used a structural approach. First, we solved the solution structure of OspE by NMR, revealing a fold that has not been seen before in proteins involved in complement regulation. Next, we solved the x-ray structure of the complex between OspE and the FH C-terminal domains 19 and 20 (FH19-20) at 2.83 Å resolution. The structure shows that OspE binds FH19-20 in a way similar to, but not identical with, that used by endothelial cells to bind FH via glycosaminoglycans. The observed interaction of OspE with FH19-20 allows the full function of FH in down-regulation of complement activation on the bacteria. This reveals the molecular basis for how B. burgdorferi evades innate immunity and suggests how OspE could be used as a potential vaccine antigen.

KEYWORDS:

Bb-CRASP; Borrelia; Complement; Immune Evasion; Microbial Pathogenesis; NMR; Outer Surface Protein E; Protein Complex Structure; Protein Structure; X-ray Crystallography

PMID:
23658013
PMCID:
PMC3696643
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M113.459040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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