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Nature. 2013 May 23;497(7450):458-62. doi: 10.1038/nature12149. Epub 2013 May 8.

Pif1 family helicases suppress genome instability at G-quadruplex motifs.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.

Abstract

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 helicase is the prototypical member of the Pif1 DNA helicase family, which is conserved from bacteria to humans. Here we show that exceptionally potent G-quadruplex unwinding is conserved among Pif1 helicases. Moreover, Pif1 helicases from organisms separated by more than 3 billion years of evolution suppressed DNA damage at G-quadruplex motifs in yeast. The G-quadruplex-induced damage generated in the absence of Pif1 helicases led to new genetic and epigenetic changes. Furthermore, when expressed in yeast, human PIF1 suppressed both G-quadruplex-associated DNA damage and telomere lengthening.

PMID:
23657261
PMCID:
PMC3680789
DOI:
10.1038/nature12149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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