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Clin Nucl Med. 2014 Jan;39(1):e93-6. doi: 10.1097/RLU.0b013e318292a775.

Anti-CTLA4 antibody therapy related complications on FDG PET/CT.

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From the *Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, and †Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.


Anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 monoclonal antibody therapy is a new class of drug which has demonstrated increased overall survival in patients with metastatic melanoma. Anti-CTLA-4 antibody therapy inhibits the CTLA-4 inhibitory signal, thereby enhancing the anti-tumor response of the cytotoxic T lymphocytes. This response can lead to a variety of immune-related adverse events. Many of these events are present on follow-up PET/CT examinations performed to assess response to therapy. It is important for the interpreting physician to be aware of the findings on PET/CT to avoid diagnosing adverse events as progressive disease and to alert clinicians regarding these complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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