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J Phys Condens Matter. 2013 Jun 5;25(22):225401. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/25/22/225401. Epub 2013 May 9.

A first-principles study on defect association and oxygen ion migration of Sm3+ and Gd3+ co-doped ceria.

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Department of Precision Science and Technology and Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


First-principles calculations based on density functional theory were performed to investigate the co-doping effects of Sm and Gd in ceria on its oxygen ion conduction. The focus of this study is on the interactions between the cation dopants and an oxygen vacancy within the two adjacent tetrahedral sites of fluorite structure surrounding the oxygen migration path. Vacancy formation energies, dopant-vacancy association energies, and migration energies were calculated to elucidate the doping effects on oxygen ion conduction. The migration energies show remarkable dependences on the ionic radii of the cations located at the edges of the migration path. A simple relation between migration energy and vacancy formation energy is proposed. This work provides an informative insight into vacancy diffusion that could be useful in optimizing doping materials for improving oxygen ion conductivity in doped ceria.

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