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FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013 Sep;85(3):578-92. doi: 10.1111/1574-6941.12146. Epub 2013 May 29.

Microbial community analysis of deeply buried marine sediments of the New Jersey shallow shelf (IODP Expedition 313).

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Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover, Germany.


The investigated deeply buried marine sediments of the shallow shelf off New Jersey, USA, are characterized by low organic carbon content and total cell counts of < 10(7) cells per mL sediment. The qPCR data for Bacteria and Archaea were in the same orders of magnitude as the total cell counts. Archaea and Bacteria occurred in similar 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in the upper part of the sediments, but Bacteria dominated in the lowermost part of the analyzed sediment cores down to a maximum analyzed depth of c. 50 meters below seafloor (mbsf). The bacterial candidate division JS1 and the classes Anaerolineae and Caldinilineae of the Chloroflexi were almost as highly abundant as the total Bacteria. Similarly high dsrA gene copy numbers were found for sulfate reducers. The abundance of the Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reducers comprising Geobacteraceae in the upper c. 15 mbsf correlated with concentrations of manganese and iron in the pore water. The isolated 16S rRNA gene sequences of Archaea in clone libraries could be allocated to the phyla Thaumarchaeota, Euryarchaeota, and Crenarchaeota with 1%, 14%, and 85%, respectively. The typical deep subsurface sediment-associated groups MBG-B, MBG-D, MCG, and SAGMEG were represented in the sediment community. MCG was the dominant group with a high diversity of the isolated 16S rRNA gene sequences.


Crenarchaeota; Euryarchaeota; IODP; Miscellaneous Crenarchaeotal Group; deep biosphere; sediments

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