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J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2013;34(3):294-304. doi: 10.1080/15321819.2012.731461.

Serum programmed cell death protein 5 (PDCD5) levels is upregulated in liver diseases.

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Key Laboratory of Medical Immunology, Ministry of Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.


Intracellular protein molecules are detected in the blood following release from damaged cells. PDCD5 is widely expressed in most types of normal human tissue and is unregulated in cells undergoing apoptosis. It is therefore hypothesized that release of PDCD5 into the circulation might be a specific marker of apoptosis. In this study, a sandwich ELISA was developed for quantification of soluble PDCD5 protein and used to investigate serum PDCD5 levels in liver diseases. The highest levels of PDCD5 were detected in acute icteric hepatitis (AIH) patients compared with normal subjects and other detected liver diseases, such as chronic active hepatitis B (CAHB), chronic persistent hepatitis B (CPHB) and and liver cirrhosis (LC). Increased PDCD5 levels correlated well with ALT and AST in AIH and CAHB patients. In patients with CPHB, increased PDCD5 levels correlated well with AST, TBI, DBIL, and IBIL. In LC patients, PDCD5 levels correlated well with AST/ALT and DBIL. More importantly, increased PDCD5 levels were also observed in patients with normal ALT or AST levels. These data demonstrate a correlation between increased levels of PDCD5 in serum and liver disease progression and indicate the potential utility of serum PDCD5 as a biomarker for monitoring liver injury.

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